||Whitby Town geographic area
Before the setting up of Civil Registration in 1837 census returns were just a headcount, and no information on
individuals was recorded. After 1837 census information was collected in units of Civil Parishes. The area of
the current Whitby Town Council and the previous Whitby Urban District was comprised of three Civil Parishes
before they were merged into one in 1925. Consequently, Census returns for Whitby are enumerated in three or
four seperate parish returns.
|1834: Whitby Urban Sanitary District formed from Ruswarp Township, Whitby Township and the part of
Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre Parish around Abbey Plain and Spital Bridge as part of Whitby Poor Law Union.
Some time between 1855 and 1885 the land the Whitby Workhouse was built on at Green Land was transfered
to Whitby Township as the Poor Law automatically made the grounds of Workhouses part of the Parish they served.
Census1861: Whitby, Ruswarp, Hawsker, Aislaby: CSV file
Census1871: A sample of Whitby and Ruswarp: CSV file
Census1881: Whitby, Ruswarp, Hawsker: CSV file, about 80% completed
Census1891: Whitby, Ruswarp, Hawsker: CSV file, text full transcripts
|1st April 1894: Whitby Urban District formed from Whitby Urban Sanitary District. The annexed portion of
Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre comprising the Abbey Plain, Green Lane, Spital Bridge, Larpool and Helredale was formed
into Helredale Civil Parish as Urban Districts had to be formed from a whole number of component parishes.
I don't know why the annexed part wasn't just merged into Whitby CP.
Census1901: Whitby, Ruswarp, Helredale: CSV file
Census1911: Whitby, Ruswarp, Helredale: CSV file, text household summaries
|1st April 1925: The three Civil Parishes forming Whitby Urban District were merged into a single Civil Parish.
I don't know if there remained any seperation of functions and personnel, I would expect the Urban District and the
Civil Parish would be functionally the same entity.
Census1931: The 1931 Census returns were destroyed by fire during WW2.
|1st April 1932: Whitby Urban District annex another bit of Hawsker-cum-Stainsare up to the current boundary at
the Business Park, and added a few acres from Aislaby at Briggswath to take in the new A169 Sleights Bank road.
Census1941: There was no census taken in 1941 as the war was on, but a residents survey was taken in 1939.
Census1951: Whitby electoral register transcript.
|1st April 1974: Local Government regorganisation downgrades Whitby Urban District to a Parish Council with the
name of Whitby Town Council, with all non-minor functions transfered to the new Scarborough Borough Council.
|1st April 1985: Briggswath at the junction of Sleights Bank and The Carrs transfered to Eskdaleside CP
(Sleights) and the land west of Sleights Bank transfered back to Aislaby.
Authored by J.G.Harston
Last update: 05-Mar-2017